|2 Samuel 24:1||1 Chronicles 21:1|
|New International Version||the Lord||Satan|
|New Living Translation||the Lord||Satan|
|English Standard||the Lord||Satan|
|Berean Study Bible||the Lord||Satan|
|New American Standard||the Lord||Satan|
|King James||the Lord||Satan|
|Christian Standard Bible||the Lord||Satan|
|Contemporary English Version||the Lord||Satan|
|Good News Bible||the Lord||Satan|
|Holman Christian Standard Bible||the Lord||Satan|
|International Standard Bible||God||Satan|
|NET Bible||the Lord||the adversary|
|New Heart English Bible||the Lord||Satan|
|God's Word translation||the Lord||Satan|
|Jewish Tanakh (1917)||the Lord||Satan|
|Jubilee Bible 2000||the Lord||Satan|
|Douay Rheims Bible||the Lord||Satan|
|Darby Bible Translation||Jehovah||Satan|
|English Revised||the Lord||Satan|
|Webster's Bible Translation||the Lord||Satan|
|World English Bible||Yahweh||Satan|
|Young's Literal Translation||Jehovah||the adversary|
Excellent question. The most reliable way to answer this question is to look up these verses in several different Bible translations. I did so with 23 different English translations. Here's what I found:
On July 15, 2018, RajinCajun1950 asked:
How can we sure that the Hebrew Bible really says "God" in 2 Samuel 24:1 and "Satan" in 1 Chronicles 21:1?
Comments and Questions:
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God's own law prohibited killing a son (or daughter, presumably) because of the sins of his/her parents.
"Fathers shall not be put to death for their sons, nor shall sons be put to death for their fathers; everyone shall be put to death for his own sin." Deuteronomy 24:16, New American Standard Bible (see also 2 Chronicles 25:4)
"The person who sins will die. The son will not bear the punishment for the father's iniquity, nor will the father bear the punishment for the son's iniquity; the righteousness of the righteous will be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked will be upon himself. Ezekiel 18:20, New American Standard Bible
Despite these prohibitions, it is actually quite common for the Bible to claim that the Jewish/Christian god killed people because of someone else's sins.
A partial list includes:
 God killed David's infant son because David had committed adultery with Bathsheba. God did not physically harm David. (2 Samuel 12, especially verse 14)
 At the first Passover, God killed thousands (maybe hundreds of thousands) of Egyptian first born, even though Pharaoh was the one who would not allow the Israelites to leave. I've created a video about this. Click here for more info.
 God killed innocent children and babies because of the sins of their parents in Noah's flood (Genesis 7), the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis 19) and the Hebrews genocidal conquest of Canaan (Deuteronomy 20:16-18, the first few chapters of Joshua)
 God killed the Hebrew children because of the sins of their parents during the siege of Jerusalem around 600 BCE. I've created a video about this. Click here for more info. []
On November 22, 2018, Jane4Jesus asked
Is this the only example of God punishing the wrong people in the Bible?
This 1-minute video describes 3 Bible self-contradictions in 2 Samuel 24 and 1 Chronicles 21.
1. The Bible can't tell the difference between God and Satan
2. God killed thousands of Israelites, as punishment for something that was not a sin
3. God violated his own law by killing the wrong person 70,000 times
2 Samuel 24 & 1 Chronicles 21
Three Bible self-contradictions in a 1-minute video